An international team of researchers led by Israel's Bar Ilan University have developed a new type of MTJ that has four resistance states. The researchers also demonstrated how it is possible to switch between these four different states using spin currents.

The four-state design uses a structure that is in the form of two crossing ellipses instead of one of the standard magnetic layers of the MTJ. Such a design could be used to create multi-level MRAM which stores data more densely compared to current MRAM memories which only have two states in each MTJ.

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